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  • Adamu M. Dankore 10:50 am on October 8, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Nigeria, nigerian constitution 1999 nigeria 1999 constitution 1999 nigerian constitution nigerian 1999 constitution 1999 constitution as amended nigerian constitution 1999 as amended the 1999 nigerian constitu, , , , , , , , , , , , ,   

    Those who steal Nigeria’s money are not the cabals, you and I are (audio).  

    Listen why-https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/dankore/episodes/2017-10-06T22_36_28-07_00

  • Adamu M. Dankore 6:23 pm on August 18, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Nigeria, , ,   

    “I Support Biafra and Any Right Thinking Man Should not Support the Status Quo” 

    **The Tongue is Mightier than the Sword Audio Series**
    Uzoma Veer joins me to show support for Biafra.


  • Adamu M. Dankore 1:10 pm on August 17, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Nigeria, ,   

    **The Tongue is Mightier than the Sword Audio Series**
    Emmanuel Okoro believes restructuring is the answer.

  • Adamu M. Dankore 10:25 am on June 27, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , Nigeria,   

    One magic formular you need to know to restructure Nigeria to True Federalism.

  • Adamu M. Dankore 7:22 am on June 27, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Nigeria, ,   

    What is True Federalism? My View.

  • Adamu M. Dankore 1:56 pm on June 20, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , Nigeria, , , ,   


    This is the summary of a letter to Ag. Pres. Osinbajo from five Northerners on why the Igbo should go.

    Summary –
    We can’t live with the Igbos and the Igbos can’t live with us due to the conflicts before and after the Civil War and the ongoing threat of another conflict. As a result, the Igbos should be allowed to leave Nigeria.

    Read the full letter here:

    I want to tell you why this Northern group’s approach won’t solve the real issue, which is lack of a proper system of government.

    1. Biafra wanting to leave Nigeria is not a new phenomenon. Our fore forefathers grew up, married and died among their tribes. Commingling with other tribes was very little and only in the area of business. So we are very tribal.

    2. We have always fought and conquered other tribes. In fact, slave trade thrived because tribes conquered and sold their enemy tribes. Tribal conflicts began since time immemorial and will continue if we keep emphasizing tribal affiliation over individual rights as a way of organizing a government.

    3. Biafra therefore, is a weakness in our ability to figure out how to live with other tribes peacefully, a method advanced countries like the United States and Canada figured out (still experimenting) and is working out good for them.

    4. If Biafra go today, tomorrow would be another group until every tribe has its own country.

    Therefore, we have three options in my opinion:

    1. Continue killing each other
    2. Let every tribe form their own country, if there’s any one of us left
    3. Adopt a proven method of organizing a country that actually works

    Let me tell you a little about option 3.

    The ultimate question is, for example – can an Igbo man live peacefully with a Hausa man and vice versa, while each one of them pursues his own life’s goals?

    1. Yes. The United States has more tribal groups than Nigeria. 800 languages spoken in New York City alone yet New Yorkers aren’t waging war against each other. These 800 languages include a sizable number Igbos, Hausas, Yorubas and many more. French and English speaking people of Canada is another example. The list goes on.

    2. The system under which these different people live in Canada and the United States is what I call True Federalism and we have never lived together in such a system in my opinion (Yes, the regional system of 1963 is better than the 1999 Constitution but not close to True Federalism).

    3. Our best and only viable option is to create an environment that promotes freedom in which people are allowed to determine their own future in their respective states according to individual rights. This is what I called True Federalism.

    So what is True Federalism?

    1. It is a system that allows individuals the freedom to live their lives in any manner they like for as long as they do not attack the freedom of others. This means an Igbo man can freely live with other Igbo people or any other tribe; have rights to his or her land and its mineral resources; participate in his religion of choice; own his life and fruits of his labor and the government protects his rights to do those things.

    2. To install True Federalism, the magic trick is to limit the powers of government to only those that protect your freedom – defense, police, courts, providing substitute for market failures and laws protecting children and the disabled. The bulk of these limited functions must be assign to the federating units (states, regions etc) while the federal retains just a few.

    To conclude:

    1. The problem isn’t that we cannot live with each other but because we have a system of government that is preventing people from using their God given potential to their own ends and as such we blame one another for our failures.

    2. I call on the Igbos, Hausa/Fulani and any other tribal group in Nigeria to not go the way of advocating separation based on tribe as it would not solve the actual problem. South Sudan is an example.

    3. The actual problem is lack of a system that promotes freedom. Learn more here https://amdankore.wordpress.com/2017/06/03/what-is-wrong-with-the-1999-constitution/

  • Adamu M. Dankore 10:35 pm on June 3, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Nigeria, , , , , , , , , , ,   

    What is Wrong with Nigeria’s 1999 Constitution? 

    Two things are wrong with the Constitution. These are –

    Problem 1: Too much power given to our federal government e.g police, secondary1999 schools, universities, INEC, business registration, fingerprints identification and criminal records, electricity generation and regulation, fish and fisheries, ports, meteorology, mineral resource and natural gas, nuclear plant, prisons, post office, railways, labor relations, minimum wage, marriage etc

    Problem 2: Our government at all levels are given powers it should not have in the first place e.g JAMB, NECO, regulations of political parties, minimum wage, price controls, government media (e.g NTA), agriculture, national education standard, telegraphs and telephones, ports, insurance, national carrier, exchange control, hiring doctors etc

    For problem one, how do you know which powers should be given to the federal government and which should not? Lucky you the list is limited. These are –

    defense, foreign relations, immigration, federal courts system, patent protection*, protection of our human and property rights, coining money, interstate commerce, measurement standards and taxation needed to pay for the above duties.

    Everything else not mentioned above belongs to the state or the people, for examples police and rights not mentioned in the constitution. However, state government’s powers must be limited too by its residents. These should be confined to –

    policing, elections, protection of our human and property rights including that of children and the disabled, state’s court system, education** and providing substitute for market failures.


    At the state level, power must be considered and adopted at the closest level (decentralization) to the people first i.e your town, then your Local Government Area then your state. For examples, education and elections should be managed by our communities (villages/town/cities) and car registration by state since it doesn’t make sense for each town to have its own car-plate design. Anwar Shah’s article explains what function of government should be assign to what level of government and what level pays for that particular duty to achieve maximum efficiency. Check it out here pages 14,15,17,18.

    To solve problem two, remove any item not listed in the recommended powers of state and federal levels above, from the concurrent and exclusive lists of powers in the 1999 Constitution. However, it is important to note that with True Federalism, both state and federal would each have their own constitution.

    As a whole, the duties I described for the state and federal levels would protect and preserve your freedom, the one and only function of government. This philosophy is known as liberalism*** but I call it True Federalism.

    Support this site by entering Amazon.com here

    To summarize, we need to do the following to fix the constitution –

    Solution to problem 1: Take away some of these powers and give it to states. States must then decentralize these powers as appropriate

    Solution to problem 2: Completely deprive government at all levels of these powers

    Pathway to correct these problems 

    In my opinion, the best route to follow to correct problems one and two is to come up with a new constitution and let Nigerians vote on it. This process is known as referendum. Unfortunately, the 1999 Constitution does not provide for this kind of referendum, which means we need to insert it through a constitutional amendment. Once is done, Nigerians could then use the referendum option to come up with a new constitution.

    Currently, our only legal option to change the 1999 Constitution is through our politicians, except for the creation of a new state or Local Government Area and recalling of Senators or House of Representatives members of which we would still need the politicians to approve the outcome of the referendum. Therefore, we need a referendum option that would enable Nigerians to change any part of the constitution without having to go through our politicians.

    The other option is to ignore the legal process, come up with a new constitution and Nigerians vote on it. This route could potentially be troublesome as it is outside the scope of our constitution.

    Benefits of fixing the 1999 Constitution

    Fixing the two problems as I recommended above would make you the master and government the servant. This kind of relationship produces prosperity, stability and peace because it makes you the owner and manager of your life, labor and property. Consider for example- you live in a house that is yours but legally on my name. This of course means I could evict you out of the house if you don’t follow my rules, use the house as a collateral for a loan and so on. Aside the fact I could use the house to get richer, I’m depriving you of such opportunity and you are also at my mercy. This exemplifies the nature of our relationship with the current system in almost all aspect of our lives. Our politicians and their associates get richer while the general population remain dirt poor not to mention that they could buy our votes, after all we are at their mercy. This is the reason we are poor and unstable.

    If you don’t give government the power over your life and belongings then it cannot control you. For example, if you find coal under your land, it should be yours not the government’s. Unfortunately, the 1999 Constitution says mineral resources in Nigeria belong to the Federal Government; basically transferring your belongings to the government making it the master and you, the servant. Therefore, correcting the two problems of the Constitution mentioned above would effectively transfer property rights to you as well as take government out of running businesses that you and I can run better e.g NNPC, JAMB and so on. This new relationship would transform your life and those around you in an unprecedented manner. This kind of system produces prosperity, stability and peace. This is True Federalism.

    Read more about the referendum option here and check out our Facebook page here. Also check out my propose constitution for Nigeria on Ebay here.

    Adamu Dankore Muhammad, Whatsapp: +1-319-296-5799

    *There’s a strong case against government’s protection of intellectual property

    **There’s a strong case against government providing education

    ***Liberalism means of and pertaining to freedom.

  • Adamu M. Dankore 10:28 am on May 29, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Nigeria, , , , , , , , , , ,   

    Nigerians Are Poor Because Nigerians Are Not Free. 

    img_5602Nigerians are not free because of government. Free in this sense means absence of force or threat of it. There are two sources of force. One source is government and the other is non-governmental. To be prosperous, Nigeria needs to be design in such a way as to minimize force from both sources, thereby maximizing freedom.

    Minimizing force cause by government

    All government actions are force and therefore must be minimized under a free society. For example, when a government tells you to do something, you must do it otherwise be punished. The best way to minimize such force is not to assign government too much power. This means to limit the functions of government to only a few legitimate ones specifically geared to protect you from the second source of force. That is, protect you from people who want to hurt you both within and outside Nigeria and provide substitute to market failures.

    Minimizing force cause by non-governmental agents

    Aside government laws, people could violate your freedom by causing you harm on your body or property. Courts are set up to settle disputes arising from such violations as well as punish offenders so as to provide justice and deter future violations. Police and defense are also set up to protect you from others wanting to hurt you. That is why police patrol our streets to protect us from those who want to hurt us and soldiers protect our borders.

    Natural monopolies also threaten your freedom by not giving you options. Government could subsidies such services (rural internet service), put a price cap (electricity) or even provide one (water).

    What functions should government undertakes to protect you?

    Defense is an example of one of the few legitimate functions of government to protect you from forces outside the country. Police is another function to protect you from forces within the country. Others are to establish a court system for settling disputes; look out for children and the disabled; and lastly provide substitute for market failures. Most of these functions of government must be assign to states while fewer to federal. This is knows as decentralization.

    Now you might ask, Nigeria has police, courts and all the defense forces. Why does the country suffers from so much insecurity?

    Part of the answer is for example, our police is not decentralized. That is, we do not have independent community, Local Government Area and state police hence the police system is corrupt and doesn’t protect Nigerians and their properties as it should. Many if not all of the legitimate functions of government in Nigeria follow the police example above except defense and federal courts.

    The other part of the answer further makes the decentralization problem above worse because government at all levels in Nigeria are doing so much more than the legitimate functions I mentioned. For example, JAMB, NECO, NNPC are few of the several duties that no government should ever provide. They shouldn’t do it because these items are not part of those that protect you. Also important, is that you as a private person is better at providing JAMB (for example) than the government.

    Conclusion and why freedom is important

    Advanced countries are doing much better than Nigeria in the area of human, economic and political life because of freedom. Freedom enables individuals to achieve prosperity, peace and stability because human beings are incompatible with force. That is, we do not live our best when forced or threatened with force and the reason why we need to minimize the power of government and use government only to protect and preserve freedom. This is what True Federalism means to me.

    I like to use this analogy to tell an ideal relationship between you and government,

    A government is like a tiger, it can guard your house from intruders but you need to put a barrier between you and the tiger so it can’t get to you otherwise it is going to hurt you.

    You must put a barrier between you and government by limiting its function to only those that protect and preserve your freedom. You, as a private individual, could then live your life and use your property the way you want it.

    Learn more about what’s wrong with the current system of government in Nigeria.

    Take action, advocate for True Federalism in Nigeria.

  • Adamu M. Dankore 7:05 am on August 17, 2016 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , Nigeria, , , ,   

    Proposed Executive Branch Duties 


    **Additions/subtractions welcomed**

    This is my attempt to get ordinary Nigerians like you and I to be part of the process of shaping the ongoing debate about restructuring, particularly what we want a new constitution for Nigeria to look like.

    Below are the suggested Executive duties I put together (some of the phrases/sentences were taken from Nigeria’s 1999 Constitution) but structurally inspired by the U.S Constitution. The outcome is almost 180-degree different from that contained in the 1999 Constitution because it gives the President less power.

    Preamble; Legislative; Executive; Judicial; States; Rights of Nigerians; Land, Mineral & Others; Amendment and Supreme Law are the categories I will be publishing my suggestions under.

    Feel free to copy, share, add, subtract and or critic.

    Proposed Executive Branch Duties

    There shall be for the Federation a President who shall be the Head of State, the Chief Executive of the Federation and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Federation who shall serve for a Term of four years and be eligible to serve for another four years.   

    Presidential term ends May 29th of the last year in which the four-year Term ends. The National Assembly shall set a date for a Presidential election. 

    A President shall not be deemed to be validly nominated unless he nominates another candidate as his associate and that candidate shall be deemed to have been duly elected to the office of Vice-President if the candidate for an election to the office of President who nominated him as such associate is duly elected as President.   

    A person shall be qualified for election to the office of the President if citizen by birth and fourteen years a resident of Nigeria and has attained the age of thirty-five years; has been educated up to at least Secondary School Certificate level or its equivalent.   

    A candidate for an election to the office of President shall be deemed to have been duly elected by a simple majority of all eligible voters in all the States and the Federal Capital Territory and has not less than one-quarter of the votes cast at the election in each of at least two-thirds of all the States in the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.   

    The Vice-President shall hold the office of President if the office of President becomes vacant by reason of death or resignation, permanent incapacity or Impeachment.  

    Public Office holders under the Executive or Judicial branches of the Federal Republic of Nigeria shall be removed from office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Bribery, Treason, Corruption or other high crimes and Misdemeanors. The President shall not pardon a person who is impeached. 

    The President or Vice-President shall cease to hold office, if  by a resolution passed by two-thirds majority of all the members of the executive council of the Federation it is declared that the President or Vice-President is incapable of discharging the functions of his office due to health reasons; and the declaration is verified, after such medical examination as may be necessary, by a medical panel, appointed by the President of the Senate in its report to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The medical panel shall be appointed by the President of the Senate, and shall comprise five medical practitioners in Nigeria one of whom shall be the personal physician of the holder of the office concerned; and four other medical practitioners who have, in the opinion of the President of the Senate, attained a high degree of eminence in the field of medicine relative to the nature of the examination to be conducted in accordance with the foregoing provisions. Where the medical panel certifies in the report that in its opinion the President or Vice-President is suffering from such infirmity of body or mind as renders him permanently incapable of discharging the functions of his office, a notice thereof signed by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall be published in the Official Gazette of the Government of the Federation. The President or Vice-President shall cease to hold office as from the date of publication of the notice of the medical report. Executive Council of the Federation is a body of Ministers of the Government of the Federation, howsoever called, established by the President and charged with such responsibilities for the functions of government as the President may direct.   

    The Office of the Vice-President shall become vacant by reason of death, resignation, impeachment, permanent incapacity or removal by his assumption of the office of President; the President shall nominate and, with the approval of each House of the National Assembly, appoint a new Vice-President.   

    If a person duly elected as President dies or is removed before taking the Oath of Office, or is for any reason whatsoever unable to be sworn in, the person elected with him as Vice-President shall be sworn in as President and he/she shall nominate a new Vice-President who shall be appointed by the President with the approval by a simple majority of the National Assembly at a joint sitting.   

    If the Offices of the President and Vice President becomes vacant at the same time by any reason specified in this Constitution the National Assembly shall by Law designate a line of Successors to the Office of the President and the manner which he/she shall assume the Office. 


    Powers of President

    Commander-in-Chief of Armed Forces  

    Summon Ministers and all other appointees under him for briefs    

    Pardon and offer relief for convicted offenders.   

    Makes agreements with various countries with the support of the Senate.   

    Appoints Federal Judges, Ambassadors, Ministers and other federal appointments directly or indirectly as prescribed by this constitution with the approval of the Senate and can fill vacant appointments when the Senate is on break.    

    Report to the Senate on the situation of the country from time to time.   

    Enforces the Laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.   

    Request meetings with Members of the National Assembly when he/she deemed it necessary.  

    Receives foreign officials and Ambassadors. 

    Enforce the Laws of the Federation. 


    The President, Vice-President, Senators, House of Representatives Members, Ministers and including other public office holders mentioned directly or indirectly by this Constitution shall receive compensation for their services determined by Law by the National Assembly.   

    If the National Assembly increased their salary or that of any public office holder, it shall not go into effect until the next election cycle or appointments. 

    Oath of Office of the President

    I, ………. Do solemnly swear that I will faithfully Execute the Office of the President, that I will bear true allegiance to the Sovereignty of the Nigerian people and that I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.   

  • Adamu M. Dankore 7:18 am on August 13, 2016 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , , , , Nigeria, , ,   

    Proposed Legislative Branch Duties 

     **Additions/subtractions welcomed**

    This is my attempt to get ordinary Nigerians like you and I to be part of the process of shaping the ongoing debate about restructuring, particularly what we want a new constitution for Nigeria to look like.

    Below are the suggested Legislative duties I put together (some of the phrases/sentences were taken from Nigeria’s 1999 Constitution) but structurally inspired by the U.S Constitution. The outcome is almost 180-degree different from that contained in the 1999 Constitution because it gives the federating units (states) much more power.

    Preamble; Legislative; Executive; Judicial; States; Rights of Nigerians; Land, Mineral & Others; Amendment and Supreme Law are the categories I will be publishing my suggestions under.

    Feel free to copy, share, add, subtract and or critic.

    Proposed Legislative Branch Duties

    The legislative powers of the Federal Republic of Nigeria shall be vested in a National Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

    The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members elected by the People every two years in their respective States.

    To be a House of Representatives Member, a person needs to be at least 25 years old, Citizen of Nigeria for seven years and be inhabitant of the State from which he/she is contesting.

    The National Assembly shall set the Number of House of Representatives for the States according to their respective Populations determined through Census every ten years. The National Assembly may change such Rules of Apportionments as may be necessary. Each State is entitled to at least one Representatives.

    The Governor of a State shall be responsible for filling vacant House of Representatives seats by calling for an election and shall, if necessary, temporarily fill the Representative seat by appointing a qualified person until elections are held.

    The House of Representatives shall have the singular Power of Impeachment by serving as the Persecutors while the Senate as Jurors and shall choose their Speaker and other Officers.

    The Senate shall consist of Senators elected every six years in their respective States elected by the people.

    Requirements to be a Senator are: be 30 years of age, Citizen of Nigeria for nine years and be inhabitant of the State from which he/she is contesting. There shall be two Senators from every State and each Senator shall have one vote.

    The Senate shall choose their Officers including the Senate President.

    The Senate shall be responsible for trying Impeachments under Oath and gets conviction only when two-thirds of the Members present vote. The Chief Justice shall preside over the Impeachment of the President.

    When a Public Office holder is impeached, they shall vacate their position and be disqualified to run for public Office, Trust or Profit under the Federal Republic of Nigeria but they shall, if convicted, be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.

    The Governor of any State shall be responsible for filling vacant Senate seats by calling for an election and shall, if necessary, temporarily fill the Senate seat by appointing a qualified person until elections are held.

    State legislators shall be responsible for describing the Dates, Venues, and the Manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives; however, the National Assembly may at any time pass a Bill or change such Rules.

    The National Assembly shall meet at least once in a year beginning the 5th day of January unless they choosing a different date and shall set a date for their elections.

    The National Assembly shall make provisions in respects to Qualification of its own Members, of being its own Election Tribunal and Returns of its Members, and a Majority of each should constitute a Quorum to work together; however, a small Number may defer sessions from day to day plenary sessions, and may approve to compel the Attendance of truant Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as every House may decide

    Every House may decide the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for misconduct, and, remove a Member with two-thirds majority.

    Each House shall be responsible for keeping Journal of its Proceedings, and its distribution from time to time unless there are Parts as may in their Judgment be kept secret; and only the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House may be written on the consent of one fifth of the Members present.

    The Senate and the House of Reps cannot adjourn for more than three days without the consent of each other and cannot meet in an unauthorized location.

    Compensation for Senators and House of Representatives shall be determined by Law. Senators and House of Representatives members cannot be arrested while on legislative sessions in their various Houses, or on their way to and from such acts except for Treason, Breach of Peace and Felony. They have the right not to disclosed any of their deliberations in their respective Houses to anyone.

    Senators and House of Representatives Members shall not hold any public Office under the Federal Republic of Nigeria concurrently nor shall any of them belong to both Houses at the same time.

    House of Representatives shall be responsible for initiating Bills that raise revenue for the Federal Government and the Senate must agree or change the Bill which shall go back to the House of Representatives again for another deliberation.

    Before a Bill becomes a Law it shall pass the Senate and the House of Representatives with two-thirds majority in each House and accented to by the President. The President has ten days to sign the bill if not the Bill becomes a Law. If the President returns the Bill with changes within the ten days, both Houses shall reconsider the Bill starting from the House of Representatives and sent to the President for accent. A Bill shall not become a Law if by Adjournment of either or both the Houses, affects the Return of said Bill within ten days.

    Powers of the National Assembly

    Borrowing of moneys within or outside Nigeria

    Matters relating to Citizenship and Immigration

    Bankruptcy and insolvency

    Protection of Intellectual rights and property (Copyrights and Patents)

    Coining money and punishment for its abuse


    Post offices and postal roads

    Taxation of incomes, profits and capital gains

    Taxes on Imports and Export, Excises and borrowing for the purpose of paying Debt and the general welfare of Nigerians. All Taxes on Imports and Export, Excises shall be uniform throughout Nigeria.

    Authorize war, provide and maintain Army, Navy and Air Force and the Rules governing its operations.

    Weights and measures.

    Establishment of courts lower than the Supreme court

    Foreign Relations

    Commerce between States or Nigeria and other countries.

    Powers necessary and proper to carry out all matters with respect to which the National Assembly has power in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.


    Not Limited

    Any public debt incurred by the National Assembly to repel insurrection or rebellion authorized by law shall not be questioned.



    There shall be no tax or Duty on exported goods and services from a State to another State.

    No prisoner shall be held without legal or jurisdictional basis except in case of Rebellion or Invasion.

    No person shall be condemned, denied inheritance or convicted without trial.

    The National Assembly shall not prefer one port over the other as regards to commerce or regulation and no vessels to and from a port shall be legally bound to stop, clear or pay Duties in all of the States.

    No moneys shall be withdrawn from the Treasury Fund or any other public fund of the Federation, except in the manner described by the National Assembly, receipts and statement of which shall be recorded and made public.

    No person shall be conferred a title of Royalty under this Constitution nor accept any present, Emolument, Office or Title from anyone or any country.


    **Additions/subtractions welcomed**


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