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  • Adamu M. Dankore 7:12 am on June 27, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    IBB Calls For Restructuring!

     
  • Adamu M. Dankore 2:14 pm on June 20, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Nigeria is better off together but only under True Federalism 

    99% of Nigerians won’t do well under the current system. Our common problem is the 1999 Constitution that vested too much power to government. 
    The 1999 Constitution is the INVISIBLE GHOST causing poverty and ethnic conflicts in Nigeria. 

    The battle is between the Invisible Ghost and Nigerians not Hausa vs. Igbo or Fulani vs. Tiv etc. 

    Are you ready to fight the Invisible Ghost? Start here: https://amdankore.wordpress.com/2017/06/03/what-is-wrong-with-the-1999-constitution/

    #restructurenigeria

    #truefederalism

     
  • Adamu M. Dankore 1:56 pm on June 20, 2017 Permalink | Reply
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    MY REBUTTAL OF NORTHERN GROUP’S LETTER TO AG. PRESIDENT OSINBAJO, CALLING FOR IGBOS TO LEAVE DATED 19TH JUNE, 2017. 

    This is the summary of a letter to Ag. Pres. Osinbajo from five Northerners on why the Igbo should go.

    Summary –
    We can’t live with the Igbos and the Igbos can’t live with us due to the conflicts before and after the Civil War and the ongoing threat of another conflict. As a result, the Igbos should be allowed to leave Nigeria.

    Read the full letter here:
    http://saharareporters.com/2017/06/19/northern-group-calling-exit-igbos-writes-osinbajo-asks-him-allow-biafra-republic

    I want to tell you why this Northern group’s approach won’t solve the real issue, which is lack of a proper system of government.

    1. Biafra wanting to leave Nigeria is not a new phenomenon. Our fore forefathers grew up, married and died among their tribes. Commingling with other tribes was very little and only in the area of business. So we are very tribal.

    2. We have always fought and conquered other tribes. In fact, slave trade thrived because tribes conquered and sold their enemy tribes. Tribal conflicts began since time immemorial and will continue if we keep emphasizing tribal affiliation over individual rights as a way of organizing a government.

    3. Biafra therefore, is a weakness in our ability to figure out how to live with other tribes peacefully, a method advanced countries like the United States and Canada figured out (still experimenting) and is working out good for them.

    4. If Biafra go today, tomorrow would be another group until every tribe has its own country.

    Therefore, we have three options in my opinion:

    1. Continue killing each other
    2. Let every tribe form their own country, if there’s any one of us left
    3. Adopt a proven method of organizing a country that actually works

    Let me tell you a little about option 3.

    The ultimate question is, for example – can an Igbo man live peacefully with a Hausa man and vice versa, while each one of them pursues his own life’s goals?

    1. Yes. The United States has more tribal groups than Nigeria. 800 languages spoken in New York City alone yet New Yorkers aren’t waging war against each other. These 800 languages include a sizable number Igbos, Hausas, Yorubas and many more. French and English speaking people of Canada is another example. The list goes on.

    2. The system under which these different people live in Canada and the United States is what I call True Federalism and we have never lived together in such a system in my opinion (Yes, the regional system of 1963 is better than the 1999 Constitution but not close to True Federalism).

    3. Our best and only viable option is to create an environment that promotes freedom in which people are allowed to determine their own future in their respective states according to individual rights. This is what I called True Federalism.

    So what is True Federalism?

    1. It is a system that allows individuals the freedom to live their lives in any manner they like for as long as they do not attack the freedom of others. This means an Igbo man can freely live with other Igbo people or any other tribe; have rights to his or her land and its mineral resources; participate in his religion of choice; own his life and fruits of his labor and the government protects his rights to do those things.

    2. To install True Federalism, the magic trick is to limit the powers of government to only those that protect your freedom – defense, police, courts, providing substitute for market failures and laws protecting children and the disabled. The bulk of these limited functions must be assign to the federating units (states, regions etc) while the federal retains just a few.

    To conclude:

    1. The problem isn’t that we cannot live with each other but because we have a system of government that is preventing people from using their God given potential to their own ends and as such we blame one another for our failures.

    2. I call on the Igbos, Hausa/Fulani and any other tribal group in Nigeria to not go the way of advocating separation based on tribe as it would not solve the actual problem. South Sudan is an example.

    3. The actual problem is lack of a system that promotes freedom. Learn more here https://amdankore.wordpress.com/2017/06/03/what-is-wrong-with-the-1999-constitution/

     
  • Adamu M. Dankore 10:35 pm on June 3, 2017 Permalink | Reply
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    What is Wrong with Nigeria’s 1999 Constitution? 

    Two things are wrong with the Constitution. These are –

    Problem 1: Too much power given to our federal government e.g police, secondary1999 schools, universities, INEC, business registration, fingerprints identification and criminal records, electricity generation and regulation, fish and fisheries, ports, meteorology, mineral resource and natural gas, nuclear plant, prisons, post office, railways, labor relations, minimum wage, marriage etc

    Problem 2: Our government at all levels are given powers it should not have in the first place e.g JAMB, NECO, regulations of political parties, minimum wage, price controls, government media (e.g NTA), agriculture, national education standard, telegraphs and telephones, ports, insurance, national carrier, exchange control, hiring doctors etc

    For problem one, how do you know which powers should be given to the federal government and which should not? Lucky you the list is limited. These are –

    defense, foreign relations, immigration, federal courts system, patent protection*, protection of our human and property rights, coining money, interstate commerce, measurement standards and taxation needed to pay for the above duties.

    Everything else not mentioned above belongs to the state or the people, for examples police and rights not mentioned in the constitution. However, state government’s powers must be limited too by its residents. These should be confined to –

    policing, elections, protection of our human and property rights including that of children and the disabled, state’s court system, education** and providing substitute for market failures.

    Decentralization

    At the state level, power must be considered and adopted at the closest level (decentralization) to the people first i.e your town, then your Local Government Area then your state. For examples, education and elections should be managed by our communities (villages/town/cities) and car registration by state since it doesn’t make sense for each town to have its own car-plate design. Anwar Shah’s article explains what function of government should be assign to what level of government and what level pays for that particular duty to achieve maximum efficiency. Check it out here pages 14,15,17,18.

    To solve problem two, remove any item not listed in the recommended powers of state and federal levels above, from the concurrent and exclusive lists of powers in the 1999 Constitution. However, it is important to note that with True Federalism, both state and federal would each have their own constitution.

    As a whole, the duties I described for the state and federal levels would protect and preserve your freedom, the one and only function of government. This philosophy is known as liberalism*** but I call it True Federalism.

    Support this site by entering Amazon.com here

    To summarize, we need to do the following to fix the constitution –

    Solution to problem 1: Take away some of these powers and give it to states. States must then decentralize these powers as appropriate

    Solution to problem 2: Completely deprive government at all levels of these powers

    Pathway to correct these problems 

    In my opinion, the best route to follow to correct problems one and two is to come up with a new constitution and let Nigerians vote on it. This process is known as referendum. Unfortunately, the 1999 Constitution does not provide for this kind of referendum, which means we need to insert it through a constitutional amendment. Once is done, Nigerians could then use the referendum option to come up with a new constitution.

    Currently, our only legal option to change the 1999 Constitution is through our politicians, except for the creation of a new state or Local Government Area and recalling of Senators or House of Representatives members of which we would still need the politicians to approve the outcome of the referendum. Therefore, we need a referendum option that would enable Nigerians to change any part of the constitution without having to go through our politicians.

    The other option is to ignore the legal process, come up with a new constitution and Nigerians vote on it. This route could potentially be troublesome as it is outside the scope of our constitution.

    Benefits of fixing the 1999 Constitution

    Fixing the two problems as I recommended above would make you the master and government the servant. This kind of relationship produces prosperity, stability and peace because it makes you the owner and manager of your life, labor and property. Consider for example- you live in a house that is yours but legally on my name. This of course means I could evict you out of the house if you don’t follow my rules, use the house as a collateral for a loan and so on. Aside the fact I could use the house to get richer, I’m depriving you of such opportunity and you are also at my mercy. This exemplifies the nature of our relationship with the current system in almost all aspect of our lives. Our politicians and their associates get richer while the general population remain dirt poor not to mention that they could buy our votes, after all we are at their mercy. This is the reason we are poor and unstable.

    If you don’t give government the power over your life and belongings then it cannot control you. For example, if you find coal under your land, it should be yours not the government’s. Unfortunately, the 1999 Constitution says mineral resources in Nigeria belong to the Federal Government; basically transferring your belongings to the government making it the master and you, the servant. Therefore, correcting the two problems of the Constitution mentioned above would effectively transfer property rights to you as well as take government out of running businesses that you and I can run better e.g NNPC, JAMB and so on. This new relationship would transform your life and those around you in an unprecedented manner. This kind of system produces prosperity, stability and peace. This is True Federalism.

    Read more about the referendum option here and check out our Facebook page here. Also check out my propose constitution for Nigeria on Ebay here.

    Adamu Dankore Muhammad, Whatsapp: +1-319-296-5799

    *There’s a strong case against government’s protection of intellectual property

    **There’s a strong case against government providing education

    ***Liberalism means of and pertaining to freedom.

     
  • Adamu M. Dankore 10:28 am on May 29, 2017 Permalink | Reply
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    Nigerians Are Poor Because Nigerians Are Not Free. 

    img_5602Nigerians are not free because of government. Free in this sense means absence of force or threat of it. There are two sources of force. One source is government and the other is non-governmental. To be prosperous, Nigeria needs to be design in such a way as to minimize force, thereby maximizing freedom, from both sources.

    Minimizing force cause by government

    All government actions are force and therefore must be minimized under a free society. For example, when a government tells you to do something, you must do it otherwise be punished. The best way to minimize such force is not to assign government too much power. This means to limit the functions of government to only a few legitimate ones specifically geared to protect you from the second source of force. That is, protect you from people who want to hurt you both within and outside Nigeria and provide substitute to market failures.

    Minimizing force cause by non-governmental agents

    Aside government laws, people could violate your freedom by causing you harm on your body or property. Courts are set up to settle disputes arising from such violations as well as punish offenders so as to provide justice and deter future violations. Police and defense are also set up to protect you from others wanting to hurt you. That is why police patrol our streets to protect us from those who want to hurt us and soldiers protect our borders.

    Natural monopolies also threaten your freedom by not giving you options. Government could subsidies such services (rural internet service), put a price cap (electricity) or even provide one (water).

    What functions should government undertakes to protect you?

    Defense is an example of one of the few legitimate functions of government to protect you from forces outside the country. Police is another function to protect you from forces within the country. Others are to establish a court system for settling disputes; look out for children and the disabled; and lastly provide substitute for market failures. Most of these functions of government must be assign to states while fewer to federal. This is knows as decentralization.

    Now you might ask, Nigeria has police, courts and all the defense forces. Why does the country suffers from so much insecurity?

    Part of the answer is for example, our police is not decentralized. That is, we do not have independent community, Local Government Area and state police hence the police system is corrupt and doesn’t protect Nigerians and their properties as it should. Many if not all of the legitimate functions of government in Nigeria follow the police example above except defense and federal courts.

    The other part of the answer further makes the decentralization problem above worse because government at all levels in Nigeria are doing so much more than the legitimate functions I mentioned. For example, JAMB, NECO, NNPC are few of the several duties that no government should ever provide. They shouldn’t do it because these items are not part of those that protect you. Also important, is that you as a private person is better at providing JAMB (for example) than the government.

    Conclusion and why freedom is important

    Advanced countries are doing much better than Nigeria in the area of human, economic and political life because of freedom. Freedom enables individuals to achieve prosperity, peace and stability because human beings are incompatible with force. That is, we do not live our best when forced or threatened with force and the reason why we need to minimize the power of government and use government only to protect and preserve freedom. This is what True Federalism means to me.

    I like to use this analogy to tell an ideal relationship between you and government,

    A government is like a tiger, it can guard your house from intruders but you need to put a barrier between you and the tiger so it can’t get to you otherwise it is going to hurt you.

    You must put a barrier between you and government by limiting its function to only those that protect and preserve your freedom. You, as a private individual, could then live your life and use your property the way you want it.

    Learn more about what’s wrong with the current system of government in Nigeria.

    Take action, advocate for True Federalism in Nigeria.

     
  • Adamu M. Dankore 5:20 pm on January 1, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Our Love Affair with Kings and Queens; the Reason Nigerians Don’t See the Need for Restructuring.  

    We revere them. We worship them as though they are mini gods. We look up to them for guidance and wisdom. We enrich them with wealth and power even if it means depriving us of both. But you can’t blame us, we were born into a culture that accord traditional and religious leaders with so much reverence, power and wealth.

    Our current form of government has very powerful center, weaker states and even weaker citizens, just like the nature of our traditional and religious dynasties. This is codified in the 1999 Constitution which has placed more powers in the national government than all the 36 states combined while each individual state controls everything within it leaving the people almost powerless. 

    For example, we do not own but “rent” our lands. Police, education, roads and many more are paid for and controlled by them. This system where total control of our affairs are handled at the top goes hand in hand with the way our traditional and religious rulers had and continue to rule over us. It is a projection of our tradition into the realm of modern day governance. 

    It is no wonder majority of Nigerians do not see the ills of having a government system in which the federal government has almost all the powers and therefore do not support the calls for restructuring. Subconsciously to them, it is normal to have over-centralized government, after all it is just like our traditional kings and queens. If the system isn’t working, it is because the rulers or leaders are not God-fearing or sympathetic to us our needs. Again, you cannot blame these Nigerians. 

    We have to restructure Nigeria so that the people are the ones doing the controlling; we have to return powers to Nigerians as though each and every one of us is a king or queen. This involves letting Nigerians pay (tax) for the provision of public goods and services, allocate government powers according to Fiscal Federalism and reserve sovereignty to us. They say whoever pays the Piper dictates the tune. Well, if Nigerians are the ones paying for the provision of public goods and services then everything would work according to how we want it, right?

     
  • Adamu M. Dankore 10:49 pm on October 9, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Proposed Land & Mineral Rights 

    All land and its known Mineral resources belong to the people and State having territorial jurisdiction except if said land is apportioned to the Federal Government by this constitution.

    An individual shall be entitled to any and all Mineral resources found on his/her private property after the passage of this constitution.

    Offshore water bodies and its Mineral resources 25KM offshore shall belong to the Federal Government.

    The National Assembly shall have power over Federal lands.

    Mineral resources found in Federal lands shall belong to the Federal Government as an individual Proprietor while States have general sovereignty over Federal lands.

     
  • Adamu M. Dankore 4:35 pm on September 8, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Proposed Rights of Nigerians 

    Right to life; dignity of human persons; liberty; fair hearing; private and family life; peaceful assembly and association; acquire and own property; demand government to remedy grievances and personal belongings. 

    No discrimination on the basis of race, gender, place of origin, political opinion, social or economic status, disabilities or circumstance of birth, religion, ethnicity and language. 

    Freedom of expression and the press; thought and conscience and movement; 

    No Nigerian shall be subject to unreasonable searches and seizures in their house and belongings. Probable violation of laws shall be accompanied with a Warrant describing where to search, the persons involved or items to be seized.   

    Any person who is arrested or detained shall have the right to remain silent or avoid answering any question until after consultation with a legal practitioner or any other person of his own choice.   

    No restriction or deprivation of fundamental human rights.   

    Any person who is arrested or detained for criminal violations of the Law shall be brought to court of law for trial within a reasonable time, be educated about the reason for arrest and be tried among an impartial jury of his pairs in the State or jurisdiction where the violation occurred. The Accused shall be entitled to gather witnesses in his or her favor and the Accuser shall also be entitled to gather witnesses against the accused. The Accused shall also be entitled to a lawyer.   

    Bail shall not be excessive. Punishment of a convicted offender shall not be excessive. 

    No Nigerian shall be forced to be a witness against his or her self in a criminal case.

    Unless found guilty by a grand jury, no Nigerian shall be forced to answer for a capital or notorious crimes.

    No Nigerian shall be tried more than once in a Federal court for the same offence. 

    No private Property shall be taken for public interest without a fair compensation. 

    Every citizen of Nigeria of 18 years shall be entitled to vote in any elections. 

    Citizens of Nigeria, born or naturalized, shall enjoy all the rights and privileges mentioned in this constitution in all the States of the Federation and such rights and privileges shall be protected and shall not be deprived without due process of Law.   

    All the rights of the Nigerian people mentioned in this Constitution shall not be said to be all their God given rights and as such shall not be abridged and denied by any government in Nigeria

     
  • Adamu M. Dankore 11:51 am on August 26, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Proposed States Duties 

    The Powers not assigned to this Federal Republic of Nigeria by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are left to the States respectively, or to the people.

    Creation of States:

    There shall be equal number of States in Northern and Southern Nigeria. If upon passage of this Constitution, the States in the Northern and Southern Nigeria are Unequal, the Region with less States shall automatically be entitled to create more States to equal the number of States in the Other Region and the resolution shall said to be automatically passed without the consent of the National Assembly but with the approval of two thirds of the people residing in the area affected, within or across States lines as long as all the States concerned are either in the Northern or Southern part of Nigeria; and two thirds of the State or States Legislatures affected. Additional consent of the National Assembly shall be required if the two Regions are creating additional States on equal footing.

    The National Assembly shall determine the boundary of Northern and Southern Nigeria.

    No new states shall be created in Northern Nigeria except another is created in the South and vice versa. The National Assembly shall vote Concurrently on the newly proposed States from the North and South.

    Abuja shall not be counted as State.

    Guarantee of Democracy:

    Democracy as a form of government shall be guaranteed and protected by Nigeria in every State against foreign or domestic invasion and domestic violence.

    Transitioning Powers to States:

    The Powers of the Federal Government of Nigeria enumerated in the 1999 Constitution (For example, the Nigeria Police Force) but not delegated to it by this Constitution shall be transferred to States in a manner prescribed in a Transitional Report by the Representatives of the States. The Constitution shall be approved by two thirds of the States to become the Law of the Land with each State having a simple Yes or No votes. The Transitional Report shall be approved by two thirds of the States to become a Statute of the Federation with each State having a simple Yes or No votes.

    If the people of a State voted NO for the Transitional Report then they shall immediately upon the approval of the Constitution receive all powers due to them except Mineral resources and Ports but shall within reasonable time, as prescribed in the Transition Report, receive the ownership of their Mineral resources and Ports.

    Not Powers of State:

    States shall not-

    Enter treaties with any foreign country

    Coin and issue money

    Pass laws affecting Contracts

    Lay Import Duties or Exercise, engage in war unless invaded, raise or keep Army, Navy, Air force, weapons of war without the consent of the National Assembly

    Recognition of a State laws in other States:

    States courts must honor the judicial Proceedings, public Acts and Records of every other State. The National Assembly shall make Laws about how the judicial Proceedings, public Acts and Records shall be proved and the consequence from it.

    Extradition:

    A person charged with any crime in any state shall be returned to the State where the crime was committed on the authority of the State Governor.

    Any debt of the Federation or of a State entered into before the adoption of this Constitution shall continue to be valid against the Federation and State under this new Constitution.

    There shall be no religious qualification to holding a public office in Nigeria.

     
  • Adamu M. Dankore 4:29 am on August 22, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Proposed Judicial Branch Duties 

    There shall be a Supreme Court of Nigeria vested with Judicial Power of the Federation composed of Judges appointed by the President and confirmed by the National Assembly.    

     
    The National Assembly shall establish courts lower to the Supreme Courts with Judges appointment by the President and confirmed by the National Assembly.

     

    Individuals cannot sue their own State in a Federal court without its consent, however, State Officials can be sued for violating Federal Laws. Foreign countries cannot sue a State in a Federal Court without the State’s consent.

    Treason Against Nigeria

    Declaring war against Nigeria or helping the enemy of Nigeria shall be considered a Treason against Nigeria.

     

    No person shall be convicted of Treason unless by a Testimony of two people or confession in an open Court.

     

    Only the National Assembly shall decide punishment for Treason and the Punishments cannot prevent the convicted person from passing on his/her wealth or property to anyone. The Court cannot seize the property or wealth of a person convicted of Treason.

    End.

    **Additions/subtractions welcomed**

     
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